[1]田 阳,朱 玉,田 宇,等.直流断路器模拟试验回路的设计与仿真[J].高压电器,2020,56(02):40-46.[doi:10.13296/j.1001-1609.hva.2020.02.007]
 TIAN Yang,ZHU Yu,TIAN Yu,et al.Design and Simulation of Test Circuits of DC Circuit Breaker[J].High Voltage Apparatus,2020,56(02):40-46.[doi:10.13296/j.1001-1609.hva.2020.02.007]
点击复制

直流断路器模拟试验回路的设计与仿真()
分享到:

《高压电器》[ISSN:1001-1609/CN:61-11271/TM]

卷:
第56卷
期数:
2020年02期
页码:
40-46
栏目:
研究与分析
出版日期:
2020-02-14

文章信息/Info

Title:
Design and Simulation of Test Circuits of DC Circuit Breaker
作者:
田 阳1 朱 玉2 田 宇12 李志兵1 董恩源2
(1. 中国电力科学研究院有限公司, 北京 100192; 2. 大连理工大学电气工程学院, 辽宁 大连 116024)
Author(s):
TIAN Yang1 ZHU Yu2 TIAN Yu12 LI Zhibing1 DONG Enyuan2
(1. China Electric Power Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 100192, China; 2. School of Electrical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Liaoning Dalian 116024, China)
关键词:
直流断路器 合成试验回路 短路电流 PSCAD仿真
Keywords:
DC circuit breaker synthetic test circuit short circuit current PSCAD simulation
DOI:
10.13296/j.1001-1609.hva.2020.02.007
摘要:
目前针对实验室内测试换流式直流断路器的开断性能,多采用工频的合成回路进行试验,其等价性有待商榷。文中提出采用叠加振荡电流源来模拟实际直流短路电流的方案。针对设计参数为额定电流2 kA,短路电流20 kA,最大电流上升率6 kA/ms的直流系统,分别计算了低频、高频电流源回路及电压源回路的相关参数,通过PSCAD搭建了整体的系统模型,分析了各模块间的动作时序,并成功进行了开断试验,对实际直流断路器及其测试平台的设计有一定的参考价值。
Abstract:
At present, for the purpose of testing the breaking performance of commutated DC circuit breakers in the laboratory, power frequency synthetic test circuits are generally used, and the equivalence is to be discussed. This paper proposed a scheme for superimposing an oscillating current source to simulate an actual DC short-circuit current. For the DC system with design parameters of rated current 2 kA, short-circuit current 20 kA, and maximum current increase rate of 6 kA/ms, the relevant parameters of the low-frequency, high-frequency current source circuit and voltage source circuit were calculated respectively, and the overall system model was built by PSCAD. The time sequence of each module was analyzed, and the breaking test was successfully performed. It has certain reference value for the design of the actual DC circuit breaker and its test platform.

参考文献/References:

[1] 刘振亚. 特高压直流电气设备[M]. 北京:中国电力出版社,2009. LIU Zhenya. UHV DC electrical equipment[M]. Beijing:China Electric Power Press,2009.
[2] 姚良忠,吴 婧,王志冰,等. 未来高压直流电网发展形态分析[J]. 中国电机工程学报,2014,34(34):6007-6020. YAO Liangzhong,WU Jing,WANG Zhibing,et al. Pattern analysis of future HVDC grid development[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE,2014,34(34):6007-6020.
[3] 杨海涛,吉 平,苗 淼,等. 未来中国特高压电网结构形态与电源组成相互关系分析[J]. 电力系统自动化,2018,42(6):9-17. YANG Haitao,JI Ping,MIAO Miao,et al. Analysis on interrelation between future UHV power grid structural form and power sourse composition in China[J]. Automation of Electric Power Systems, 2018,42(6):9-17.
[4] MORISHITA Y,ISHIKAWA T,YAMAGUCHI I,et al. Applications of DC breakers and concepts for superconducting fault-current limiter for a DC distribution network[J]. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity,2009,19(4):3658-3664.
[5] 史宗谦,贾申利. 高压直流断路器研究综述[J]. 高压电器,2015,51(11):1-9. SHI Zongqian,JIA Shenli. Research on high-voltage direct current circuit breaker:a review[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2015,51(11):1-9.
[6] NEGARI S,XU D. A new solid-state HVDC circuit breaker topology for offshore wind farms[C]//IEEE,International Symposium on Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems. [S. l. ]:IEEE,2014:1-5.
[7] 何俊佳,袁 召,赵文婷,等. 直流断路器技术发展综述[J]. 南方电网技术,2015,9(2):9-15. HE Junjia,YUAN Zhao,ZHAO Wenting,et al. Review of DC circuit breaker technology development[J]. Southern Power System Technology,2015,9(2):9-15.
[8] 刘路辉,叶志浩,付立军,等. 快速直流断路器研究现状与展望[J]. 中国电机工程学报,2017,37(4):966-978. LIU Luhui,YE Zhihao,FU Lijun,et al. Research & development status and prospects of fast DC circuit breakers[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE,2017,37(4):966-978.
[9] 李 黎,程 勇,俞 斌,等. 一种适于快速高压直流断路器的过零振荡电路[J]. 中国电机工程学报,2016, 36(11):3118-3125. LI Li,CHENG Yong,YU Bin,et al. An oscillating circuit applied to high-speed HVDC circuit breaker[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(11):3118-3125.
[10] 温伟杰,黄瑜珑,吕 纲,等. 应用于混合式直流断路器的电流转移方法[J]. 高电压技术,2016,42(12):4005-4012. WEN Weijie,HUANG Yulong,LYU Gang,et al. Current commutation method in hybrid DC circuit breaker[J]. High Voltage Engineering,2016,42(12):4005-4012.
[11] 郑占锋,邹积岩,董恩源,等. 直流开断与直流断路器[J]. 高压电器,2006,42(6):445-449. ZHENG Zhanfeng,ZOU Jiyan,DONG Enyuan,et al. DC interruption and DC circuit breaker[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2006,42(6):445-449.
[12] 刘路辉,庄劲武,江壮贤,等. 混合型中压直流真空断路器的研究[J]. 高压电器,2014,50(5):18-23. LIU Luhui,ZHUANG Jinwu,JIANG Zhuangxian,et al. Development of hybrid medium voltage DC vacuum breaker[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2014,50(5):18-23.
[13] 郑占锋. 基于换流技术的快速直流真空开关理论与应用研究[D]. 大连:大连理工大学,2013. ZHENG Zhanfeng. Theory and application of high-speed DC vacuum switch based on active commutation circuit[D]. Dalian:Dalian University of Technology,2013.
[14] 陈 名,徐 惠,张祖安,等. 耦合型机械式高压直流断路器设计及仿真[J]. 高电压技术,2018,44(2):1-8. CHEN Ming,XU Hui,ZHANG Zu’an,et al. Design and simulation of coupling mechanical high voltage DC circuit breaker[J]. High Voltage Engineering,2018,44(2):1-8.
[15] 秦涛涛,董恩源,刘贵新,等. 真空直流开断固有介质恢复强度研究[J]. 中国电机工程学报,2016,36(5):1453-1459. QIN Taotao,DONG Enyuan,LIU Guixin,et al. Free recovery of dielectric strength after DC interruption in vacuum[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE,2016,36(5):1453-1459.
[16] 荣命哲,杨 飞,吴 翊,等. 直流断路器电弧研究的新进展[J]. 电工技术学报,2014,29(1):1-9. RONG Mingzhe,YANG Fei,WU Yi,et al. New developments in switching arc research in DC circuit breaker[J]. Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society 2014,29(1):1-9.
[17] 程 显,陈占清,何 周,等. 真空开关低分散性永磁操动机构控制系统设计[J]. 郑州大学学报(工学版),2017,38(3):58-62. CHENG Xian,CHEN Zhanqing,HE Zhou,et al. Design of the low-dispersion control system for the permanent magnetic actuator of vacuum switch[J]. Journal of Zhengzhou University(Engineering Science Edition),2017,38(3):58-62.
[18] 丁 骁,汤广福,韩民晓,等. 混合式高压直流断路器型式试验及其等效性评价[J]. 电网技术,2018,42(1):72-78. DING Xiao,TANG Guangfu,HAN Minxiao,et al. Design and equivalence evaluation of type test for hybrid DC circuit breaker[J]. Power System Technology,2018,42(1):72-78.
[19] 那 虎,丁正平,孙晋峰,等. 高压直流输电用直流转换开关转换电流试验回路的分析与设计(1)[J]. 高压电器,2012,48(11):75-81. NA Hu,DING Zhengping,SUN Jinfeng,et al. Design of test circuits of DC circuit breaker for high voltage direct current (HVDC) distribution system-I[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2012,48(11):75-81.
[20] 那 虎,丁正平,孙晋峰,等. 高压直流输电用直流转换开关转换电流试验回路的分析与设计(2)[J]. 高压电器,2013,49(1):92-95. NA Hu,DING Zhengping,SUN Jinfeng,et al. Design of test circuits of DC circuit breaker for high voltage direct current (HVDC) distribution system-II[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2013,49(1):92-95.
[21] 刘 平,姚斯立,刘 朴,等. 高压直流断路器试验技术研究[J]. 高压电器,2015,51(11):73-78. LIU Ping,YAO Sili,LIU Pu,et al. Research on test technology of HVDC circuit breaker[J]. High Voltage Apparatus,2015,51(11):73-78.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-10-10; 修回日期:2019-12-26田 阳(1984—),男,硕士,高级工程师,研究方向为高电压试验技术、智能化电器理论。朱 玉(1993—),男,硕士研究生,主要研究方向直流断路器和故障限流。田 宇(1990—),男,博士研究生,研究方向为直流断路器和快速开关。李志兵(1975—),男,博士,教授级高级工程师,长期从事高压开关设备设计、标准化和运行管理等工作。董恩源(1973—),男,博士,教授,研究方向为智能化高压电器。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-02-14